348. Does cytoreductive surgery followed by adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy decrease the risk of recurrence and death in stage III endometrial cancer?

Verrengia A, Sigismondi C, Iannacone E, Bellia A, Busci L, Trezzi G, Malandrino C, Gianatti A, Frigerio L.

Tumori.2020 Feb 3:300891619900676. doi 10.1177/0300891619900676



The optimal postoperative adjuvant treatment for stage III endometrial cancer (EC) is controversial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in stage III EC.


Data on 36 patients with stage III EC were reviewed. A review of the literature was performed.


Median follow-up was 31 months (range 3-195). All patients underwent radical surgery with lymph nodes assessment in 29 (80.6%). The histologic specimen revealed 27 (75%) type I and 9 (25%) type II cancers staged IIIA, IIIB, IIIC1, and IIIC2 in 9 (25%), 3 (8.3%), 17 (47.2%), and 7 (19.5%) patients, respectively. At the end of surgery, 32 (88.9%) had no residual tumor. Eighteen (50%) patients were treated with CRT (50% with sandwich approach, 50% with concurrent chemotherapy [CT]), 4 (11.1%) patients received radiotherapy (RT), and 14 (38.9%) had multiagent CT. Four patients (11.1%) with a residual tumor larger than 1 centimeter after surgery died of disease. The 5-year median recurrent free survival (RFS) for CRT, RT, and CT was 69.1%, 37.5%, and 23.8%, respectively (p = 0.05); the 5-year OS for CRT, RT, and CT was 83%, 35.7%, and 25%, respectively (p = 0.023). Multivariate analyses showed residual tumor as independent predictor for recurrence and death. CRT showed a borderline significance on OS.


Our study demonstrated that optimal cytoreduction is the most significant prognostic factor and adjuvant CRT seems to be associated with a significant